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Tuesday, May 21, 2024

UN Warns of Imminent Attack and New Front in Sudan's Darfur Crisis, Threatening 800,000 Civilians

UN Warns of Imminent Attack and New Front in Sudan's Darfur Crisis, Threatening 800,000 Civilians

UN officials warned the Security Council on Friday about the risks of a new front opening in Sudan, specifically around the town of el-Fasher in Darfur.
The country is experiencing a crisis of epic proportions due to a year-long war between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF).

The warring parties have disregarded calls to cease hostilities and instead, have intensified preparations for further fighting.

There are concerns of an imminent attack by the RSF on el-Fasher, which is the only capital of the five Darfur states they do not control, potentially leading to a new front in the conflict.

The situation is described as man-made and wholly avoidable.

El-Fasher, a town in Darfur, Sudan, serves as a humanitarian hub with a population of around 11% of the country's inhabitants.

Until mid-April, the town had remained relatively peaceful, hosting refugees.

However, since then, bombardments and clashes in nearby villages have led to more than 36,000 people being displaced.

Reports indicate continuing clashes in the eastern and northern parts of the city, resulting in over 100 documented casualties treated by Doctors Without Borders.

The actual number of civilian casualties is believed to be much higher.

The violence in el-Fasher poses an immediate danger to the 800,000 civilians residing there and could potentially trigger further violence in Darfur.

The text discusses the potential consequences of fighting in el-Fasher, Sudan.

DiCarlo, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, warns that such conflict could lead to widespread intercommunal violence and worsen the distribution of humanitarian aid in a region already facing famine.

The area has a long history of conflict, having been ravaged over 20 years ago by the Janjaweed militia during former president Omar Al-Bashir's regime.

The new conflict, which began in April 2023, has already resulted in thousands of deaths and displaced over 8.5 million people, according to the UN.

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