Saudi Press

Saudi Arabia and the world
Thursday, Apr 18, 2024

Saudi Arabia's flag: The legacy of a national symbol

Saudi Arabia's flag: The legacy of a national symbol

The Saudi flag is the national symbol that tells the story of the Kingdom's history and its great legacy.
The flag that dates back to centuries ago carries with it many strong moments in the history of his country that would make every Saudi proud.

Because of this great history of the Saudi flag, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman announced in February 2023 that Saudi Arabia will celebrate Flag Day on March 11 every year in order to honor the Kingdom’s National Flag.

The reason for choosing March 11 to be the Saudi Flag Day is that it was on this day in 1937 AD that the Kingdom's founder, King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman, approved the national flag of Saudi Arabia.

The story of the Saudi flag began with the founding of the first Saudi state in 1727 AD. Using the flag formed an extension of the Arab and Islamic heritage and is one of the state’s manifestations.

The roots of the Saudi flag go back to the history of the Kingdom since its founding. Though it went through several stages and changes during the reign of King Abdulaziz, the flag preserved its essence.

When King Abdulaziz restored Riyadh, the flag that he bore was square and green with two crossed swords placed above the Islamic creed or shahada: “There is no god but Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”

The design was later changed to keep a single sword above the shahada. The flag witnessed another change when the sword was placed below the shahada and the Qur'anic verse “Help from Allah and an imminent victory” (verse 13, Sura Al-Saff) written below the sword.

Finally, the design was changed to what we see today. Now the Saudi flag is emerald green and the Islamic creed is written in the middle in white with a white sword below.

The Saudi flag bears the Islamic declaration of faith (the shahada), which symbolizes the message of peace. The imams of the Saudi state chose to put it on the flag to denote the message that they carried.

The flag of Saudi Arabia, since the reign of Imam Muhammad bin Saud, the founder of the first Saudi state, was green and made of wool and ibrisam (generally known to be the finest silk thread) with the shahada written on it.

Imam Turki bin Abdullah also took it as the national flag during his efforts to unify the second Saudi state.

The same design continued to be in use at the beginning of the reign of King Abdulaziz, until he developed it following the unification of Saudi Arabia.

The first time the Saudi national flag was raised was during the reign of Imam Muhammad bin Saud in 1727 AD. It was a witness over three centuries to the Kingdom's efforts to unify the country.

Due to the importance of the Kingdom’s flag being a symbol of its unity and a sign of its cohesion and revival, a royal decree was issued in 1973 AD approving the law of Saudi Arabia's flag.

As for the characteristics of the Saudi flag, it is distinguished by its green color, which symbolizes peace, prosperity and benevolence, and tolerance that distinguishes Saudi Arabia. In the beginning, the flag was used in several sizes and multiple dimensions.

The white sword that was added during the reign of King Abdulaziz symbolizes power and justice. The shahada placed below the sword represents wisdom and truth.

Related Articles

Saudi Press
Reports in Gaza: 5 dead from the impact of aid packages dropped by the USA
Apple warns against drying iPhones with rice
China Criticizes US for Vetoing UN Ceasefire Resolution in Gaza
In a recent High Court hearing, the U.S. argued that Julian Assange endangered lives by releasing classified information.
The U.S. vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution calling for a temporary ceasefire in Gaza, instead proposing its own six-week ceasefire plan contingent upon the release of all hostages held by Hamas
Prince William Urges End to Gaza Conflict
Saudi Arabia ranks first in UN index for e-government services in MENA
Israel has gone ‘beyond self-defence’ in Gaza, says Labour’s Streeting
EU Calls for Immediate Ceasefire in Gaza Conflict
Israel Records 20% Drop In GDP, War In Gaza Is The Reason
Saudi Arabia's FDI Inflows Grow with New International Standards
Venture Capitals Power Up Across MENA Region
Saudi Arabia Introduces Terms for 30-Year Income Tax Exemption for Multinational Companies
Saudi FM: Establishing Palestinian state is only pathway for Mideast stability
Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny has died at the Arctic prison colony
Elon Musk's Starlink Gets License For Israel, Parts Of Gaza
Influencers Exploit X Platform for Profit Amidst Israel-Gaza Conflict
PM Modi Announces Opening Of New CBSE Office In Dubai
International Criminal Court's Chief "Deeply Concerned" By Rafah Bombing
January Funding for MENA Startups Totals $86.5 Million
Saudi Arabia accelerates digital economy growth through Nvidia partnership
Indian female military officers commend Saudi Arabia's progress and women's empowerment
Israel unveils tunnels underneath Gaza City headquarters of UN agency for Palestinian refugees
Israel deploys new military AI in Gaza war
Egypt threatens to suspend key peace treaty if Israel pushes into Gaza border town, officials say
Israel Utilizes AI Military Technology in Gaza Conflict
Saudi Arabia Warns Of A "Humanitarian Catastrophe" If Israel Moves On Rafah
China Warns Iran to Halt Houthi Attacks or Damage Trade Ties
US University To Shut Qatar Campus Due To "Heightened Mideast Instability"
Iran-backed hackers interrupt UAE TV streaming services with deepfake news
Facebook and Instagram Ban Iran's Supreme Leader
Finnish Airline, Finnair, is voluntarily weighing passengers to better estimate flight cargo weight
U.S. Secretary of State Blinken: The Israelis underwent dehumanization on 7.10, this does not give them the right to do this to others.
Defense Technology Showcase Held in Riyadh
Saudi Arabia’s non-oil exports rise 2.5% to $6bn in November 2023: GASTAT
UK Bans Misleading "Zero Emissions" Claims for Electric Cars
Gaza's Teen Inventor Sparks Light in Displacement
Netanyahu Rejects Ceasefire Proposal, Insists On Total Victory Over Hamas
Guterres appoints independent UNRWA review panel
Private Sector Employment Hits Record High with Over 11 Million Employees in January
Rolls-Royce Executive Encourages Saudi Women to Tap into Their Inner 'Superhero' for Success in Defense Industry
Saudi Arabia launches National Academy of Vehicles and Cars
Saudi Tourism Minister Reveals Plan for 250,000 New Hotel Rooms by 2030
SAR to more than double eastern network passenger capacity with new trains deal
Saudi Arabia Enhances National Defense with New Partnerships
Saudi Aramco Maintains Arab Light Crude Pricing to Asia for March
NEOM Establishes New York Office to Support Investors
Saudi Wealth Fund Draws in Over $25 Billion Worth of Investments in Three Years, Al-Rumayyan Reveals
ZATCA Cautions Against Scammer Schemes
INTRA Defense Technologies inaugurates drone factory in Riyadh